12 kinds of “dirty fruits” are released! Strawberry has been on the list for 5 consecutive years, and apples and tomatoes are also on the list.

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Crops such as fruits and vegetables are inevitably exposed to pests, diseases and weeds as they grow. The spraying or application of pesticides, herbicides and other pesticides is one of the main measures to prevent or combat related infringements. However, these pesticide residues on crops also have an impact on human health.

How can we tell whether there are more or less pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits?

How to clean it to minimize pesticide residues? Is there any authoritative data for us to refer to?

The U.S. Environmental Working Group (EWG) ranks the pesticide residues of 46 common fruits and vegetables based on the test data of more than 46,000 agricultural products samples from the Department of Agriculture (USDA) every year, and produces the “Twelve Dirty Fruits and Vegetables” Dozen) and the “Clean Fifteen” list, and updated the results in the annual “Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce” (Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce).

List of “Twelve Dirty Fruits and Vegetables” and “Fifteen Cleanest Fruits and Vegetables”

Recently, EWG released the 2021 “Agricultural Pesticide Residue Shopping Guide”. Let’s take a look at this year’s list of “Dirty Dozen” and “Clean Fifteen”.

According to the guide data, in the list of the “Twelve Dirty Fruits and Vegetables”, the top pesticide residue is still strawberries. It is worth mentioning that strawberries have topped the list for 5 consecutive years, followed by spinach and kale.

The ranking of agricultural products with high pesticide residues in EWG:

  1. Strawberry
  2. Spinach
  3. Kale and mustard greens
  4. Nectarine
  5. Apple
  6. Grape
  7. Cherry
  8. Peach
  9. Pear
  10. Bell peppers and chili
  11. Celery
  12. Tomato

In these 12 types of vegetables or fruits, many different pesticide residues have been detected, and they contain higher levels of pesticide residues than other vegetables or fruits.

Strawberry

The cleanest 15 fruits and vegetables

The ranking of agricultural products with low pesticide residues in EWG:

  1. Avocado
  2. Corn
  3. Pineapple
  4. Onion
  5. Papaya
  6. Sweet peas (frozen)
  7. Eggplant
  8. Asparagus
  9. Broccoli
  10. Cabbage
  11. Kiwi
  12. Cauliflower
  13. Mushroom
  14. Melon
  15. Cantaloupe

The EWG pointed out that these 15 types of vegetables or fruits have the lowest pesticide residues, especially avocado and sweet corn. Less than 2% of the samples showed any detectable pesticide residues.

Can the fruits and vegetables in the “Twelve Dirty Fruits and Vegetables” list be eaten?

Seeing this, do you start to worry about the vegetables and fruits you usually eat, thinking that the vegetables or fruits in the “Twelve Dirty Vegetables and Fruits” list have such high pesticide residues that you can never eat them anymore? If you choose fruits or vegetables in the future, choose the one from the “15 Cleanest Fruits and Vegetables” list?

In fact, there is no need to panic. The EWG’s ranking is mainly based on the number of pesticide residues “monitored” in various vegetables or fruits, and the “average content” without distinguishing the types of pesticide residues. The conclusion is that “70% of vegetables or fruits At least one pesticide residue has been detected in fruits.” The pesticide residues in most vegetables and fruits are far below the safety limit. Therefore, there is no need to worry about the safety of agricultural products on the market.

A toxicology expert pointed out that according to the recommendations of the Food and Drug Administration, washing vegetables is the most important step in cooking food. There is no other reason because washing with clean water is the most direct and simple way to reduce pesticide residues.

According to the data of the Agricultural Drug Toxicity Laboratory, the application of vegetables and fruit usually uses two kinds of systemic agents and contact agents. Contact pesticides are easy to adhere to the surface of fruits and vegetables, so higher residues are often formed in the parts that come into contact with fruits and vegetables.

As long as these residual pesticides attached to fruits and vegetables are removed as much as possible, the risk of ingesting pesticides can be reduced. When washing, you can first soak in clean water for a few minutes to dissolve the pesticides in the water as much as possible. After the water is drained, rinse with running water for 15-20 minutes to let the water flow to wash away the residual pesticides in the fruits and vegetables.

Remember to sort the knives to avoid contamination of cleaned fruits and vegetables

Many people will ask, when washing fruits and vegetables, should they be washed and then cut, or cut and washed, in order to reduce the risk of pesticide residues?

A toxicology expert recommends washing and cutting, so as to prevent pesticides on the surface of fruits and vegetables from contaminating the knives. Afterwards, using the knives contaminated with pesticides to cut other clean parts will increase the risk of pesticide residues. It is safer to cut the fruits and vegetables after washing or to remove the uneaten parts directly.

“Finally, I want to remind everyone that the fruits and vegetables should not be washed for too long, just a proper time, otherwise the water-soluble nutrients and minerals in the fruits and vegetables will still be taken away by the water.” toxicology expert said.

All in all, we don’t have to worry too much about pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits in our daily lives, but we must consciously eliminate pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits, minimize the intake of pesticide residues, eat a balanced diet, and promote good health.

Strawberry “pesticide residue” can’t be removed by soaking in water! Experiments have proved: 4 flushes are the most effective

As the New Year approaches, the strawberry production season in Taiwan has also arrived. Strawberry is a fruit with very high pesticide content. In addition, everyone likes to experience the fun of self-picking strawberries in the strawberry garden, and you will inevitably eat too much pesticide. However, according to experiments conducted by the inspection center, washing with water 4 times is more effective in removing pesticides than soaking strawberries in water.

As the New Year approaches, the strawberry production season in Taiwan has also arrived. Strawberry is a fruit with very high pesticide content. In addition, everyone likes to experience the fun of self-picking strawberries in the strawberry garden, and you will inevitably eat too much pesticide. However, according to experiments conducted by the inspection center, washing with water 4 times is more effective in removing pesticides than soaking strawberries in water.

What harm do pesticides do to the human body? For example, in animal experiments, the pesticide “Mipalin” was found to increase the risk of liver cancer; animal experiments with “Dakruin” showed that it increased the risk of testicular tumors. Therefore, how to avoid eating strawberries once and “eat all the pesticide residues throughout the year”, and the correct cleaning method before eating strawberries has become a very critical matter.

Strawberry tree

Research suggestion: Freshly picked strawberries are best washed 3 to 5 times before eating

In the inspection center, the experimenters tried to soak the strawberries twice in clean water and found that although the pesticide residues and bacteria decreased, there were still E. coli. Using another method, first remove the leaves of the strawberry, and then rinse it with tap water 4 times. It is found that the cleaning effect is better than soaking, and the total number of bacteria is reduced by up to 96%.

Since most strawberries grow on bushes, they are easily contaminated by various bacteria in the soil; at the same time, the surface is uneven, which can easily become a place for various microorganisms to hide and breed. Therefore, the research has given suggestions that if you eat strawberries first in the orchard, it is best to rinse them with tap water 3 to 5 times to reduce the damage of eating strawberries.

Don’t use “soak” when washing strawberries at home! “Brewing” with running water for 15 minutes

If you eat strawberries at home, you can wash the strawberries more thoroughly. First, remove the leaves of the strawberry first, but the action should be light to avoid crushing the pulp and then try to preserve its integrity. There is no need to remove the strawberry from the pedicle first to prevent impurities and pesticides from running into the pulp from the stalk.

Then use the slippery net and the basin put the strawberry into the slippery net and shake it once or twice, remove the dirt on it slightly by shaking it, and then put the entire container in the sink, rinse the strawberries with a small stream of water, and slowly overflow Let it flow for about 10 to 15 minutes. After washing and draining, cut off the stalks, and you can taste the whole strawberry without injury.

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